Fouling Mechanisms and Mitigation

Panchal CB, and Ljubicic B, “Designing heat exchangers for two-phase flow for mitigating fouling,” Proceedings of the International Engineering Conference, NY, 2007. 

Panchal CB, Malone P, and Cao T, “Root-Cause Analysis of Crude Oil Fouling,” Proceedings of the AIChE Spring Meeting, Houston, TX, April 2001.

Panchal CB, “Condition-Based Mitigation of Petroleum Fouling,” Proceedings of the AIChE Spring Meeting, Houston, TX, April 2001. 

Panchal CB, and HuangFu EP, “Effects of Mitigating Fouling on the Energy Efficiency of Crude-Oil Distillation,” Journal of Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 3-9, 2000.

Asomaning S, Panchal CB, and Liao CF, “Correlating Field and Laboratory data for Crude-Oil Fouling,” Journal of Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 17-23, 2000.

Panchal CB, “Review of Fouling Mechanisms,” Mitigation of Heat Exchanger Fouling and Its Economics and Environmental Implications, Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference, Begell House, Inc., New York, NY 1999.

Panchal CB, “Effects of Dissolved Metals on Petroleum Fouling,” Heat Transfer Equipment in the Process Industries, Proceedings of National AIChE Meeting, Houston, March 1999.

Singh V, Panhcal CB, and Eckhoff SR, “Effect of Corn Oil on Thin Stillage Evaporators,” Cereal Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 6, 846-849, 1999.

Panchal CB, Lin Y, and Miller GA, “Pulsed Flow Mechanisms for Mitigating Ultrafiltration Membrane Fouling,” Proceedings of the AIChE Spring Meeting, Houston, 1998.

Panchal CB, “Fouling of Enhanced Surfaces,” Heat Transfer Design Handbook, 1999. 

Panchal CB and Knudsen JG, “Mitigation of Water Fouling: Technology, Status and Challenges,” Advances in Heat Transfer, Academic Press, New York, NY 1998.

Panchal CB, Kuru WC, Liao CF, Ebert WA, and Palen JW, “Threshold Conditions for Crude Oil Fouling,” Understanding Heat Exchanger Fouling and Its Mitigation, Proceedings of the 1997 Engineering Foundation Conference, Begell House, Inc., New York, NY, 1997.

Panchal CB, Halpern Y, Kuru WC, and Miller G, “Mechanisms of Iron Sulfide Formation in Refining Processes,” Understanding Heat Exchanger Fouling and Its Mitigation, Proceedings of the 1997 Engineering Foundation Conference, Begell House, Inc., New York, NY, 1997.

Kuru WC, and Panchal CB, “Application of Single-Phase Fouling Data to Two-Phase Flows,” Understanding Heat Exchanger Fouling and Its Mitigation, Proceedings of the 1997 Engineering Foundation Conference, Begell House, Inc., New York, NY, 1997.

Panchal CB, Kuru WC, Liao CF, Ebert WA, and Palen JW, “Development of High-Temperature, High-Pressure Fouling Units,” Understanding Heat Exchanger Fouling and Its Mitigation, Proceedings of the 1997 Engineering Foundation Conference, Begell House, Inc., New York, NY, 1997.

Kuru WC, and Panchal CB, “High-Temperature Organic-Fluid Fouling Unit,” AIChE Sym. Series 314, Vol. 93, pp. 333-338, 1997.

Kuru WC, Panchal CB, Liao CF, Palen JW, and Ebert WA, “Field-Fouling Units for Refinery Experiments,” AIChE Sym. Series 314, Vol. 93, pp. 339-344, 1997.

Ebert WA, and Panchal CB, “Analysis of Exxon Crude Oil-Slip-Stream Coking Data,” Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat-Exchange Equipment, Begell House Publishing, New York, NY, pp. 451-460, 1997.

Yap S, Dranoff J, and Panchal CB, “Fouling Formation of an Olifin in the Presence of Oxygen and Thiophenol,” Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat-Exchange Equipment, Begell House Publishing, New York, NY, pp. 491-502, 1997.

Panchal CB, Takahashi PK, and Avery W, “Biofouling Control Using Ultrasonic and Ultraviolet Treatments,” Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat-Exchange Equipment, Begell House Publishing, New York, NY, pp. 201-212, 1997.

Panchal CB, and Watkinson AP, “Development of an Analytical Model for Organic-Fluid Fouling,” Argonne National Laboratory Report, ANL/ESD/TM-36, May 1994.

Panchal CB, and Watkinson AP, “Chemical Reaction Fouling Model for Single-Phase heat Transfer,” AIChE Sym. Series 295, Vol. 89, pp. 323-334, 1993.

Rabas TJ, Panchal CB, Sasscer DS, and Schaefer S, “Comparison of River-Water Fouling rates for Spirally Indented and Plain Tubes,” Journal of Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 58-73, 1993.

Rabas TJ, Panchal CB, Sasscer D, and Schaefer R, “Comparison of Power-Plant Condenser Cooling-Water Fouling Rates for Spirally-Indented and Plain Tubes,” ASME Publication – Fouling and Enhancement Interactions, HTD-Vol. 164, pp. 29, 1991.

Panchal CB, and Sasscer D, “Biofouling and Corrosion Fouling of Plain and Enhanced Aluminum Surfaces,” ASME Publication – Fouling and Enhancement Interactions, HTD-Vol. 164, pp. 9, 1991.

Zhang G, Watkinson AP, and Panchal CB, “Mathematical Models of Organic Fluid Fouling,” 41st Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference, Vancouver, Oct. 1991.

Watkinson AP, and Panchal CB, “A Critical Review of Organic Fluid Fouling,” AIChE Summer National Meeting, San Diego, 1990.

Panchal CB, “Experimental Investigation of Seawater Biofouling for Enhanced Surfaces,” ASME Publication – Heat Transfer Equipment Fundamentals, Design, Applications, and Operating Problems, HTD-Vol. 108, pp. 231, 1989.

Panchal CB, “Experimental Investigation of Marine Biofouling and Corrosion for Tropical Seawater,” Fouling Science and Technology, NATO ASI Series, Vol. 145, pp. 241, 1988.

Panchal CB, Larsen-Basse J, and Little B, “Biofouling Control for Marine Heat Exchangers Using Intermittent Chlorination, ASME Publication – Fouling in Heat Exchange Equipment, HTD-Vol. 35, 1984.

Kuzay TM, Panchal CB, and Gavin AP, “Biofouling Monitors for Non-Cylindrical OTEC Heat Exchangers Tubes,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Vol. 104, August 1982.